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Numididae – Guineafowls

Vulturine Guineafowl in Kenya: Photo by Nathan Mixon

Welcome to our Numididae guide! Explore the world of guineafowl, birds found across Africa known for their vibrant plumage and captivating behaviors. Discover their habitats, behaviors, and more. Whether you’re a seasoned birder or simply intrigued by these charismatic birds, our guides provide valuable insights into the world of Numididae.

Overview of Numididae

Guineafowl are commonly recognized as vocal farm residents with a penchant for consuming ticks, yet their presence in their native African habitats is less familiar to many. While two savanna species are frequently encountered on safari, the remaining species inhabit forests and woodlands, with limited knowledge about their behaviors. Most guineafowl species exhibit distinctive dark plumage adorned with striking blue-white spots or stripes, often accompanied by bare skin on the head and, in some, a plume or crest. Despite their varied appearances, guineafowl are sexually monomorphic and appear to exhibit monogamous behavior, resembling the social structure of Odontophoridae rather than the polygynous tendencies observed in many Phasianidae relatives.