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Exploring the Enigmatic Orange-Tufted Spiderhunter – the World-record Breaking Bird

orange-tufted spiderhunter
Photo by Allan Barredo


So you’ve been hearing this name – Orange-tufted Spiderhunter – but why the sudden interest in this random exotic species? The Orange-Tufted Spiderhunter (Arachnothera flammifera) is a bird species that inhabits the lush rainforests of the southern and eastern Philippines. Known for its striking appearance and unique feeding behavior, this avian marvel has captured the fascination of bird enthusiasts and researchers alike. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the world of the Orange-Tufted Spiderhunter, exploring its distinctive features, habitat preferences, and the fascinating story behind Peter Kaestner’s record-breaking accomplishment thanks to the spiderhunter.

Meet the Orange-tufted Spiderhunter

The Orange-Tufted Spiderhunter is a member of the Nectariniidae family, commonly referred to as sunbirds and spiderhunters. These birds are characterized by their slender bodies, long bills adapted for nectar feeding, and drab-come-vibrant plumage. The Orange-Tufted Spiderhunter stands out with its olive-green upperparts and back and its yellow-orange underwing tufts and belly.

Features and Behavior

The Orange-Tufted Spiderhunter exhibits a specialized feeding behavior, primarily consuming nectar from flowers using its slender, curved bill. In addition to nectar, it also feeds on insects and, that’s right, spiders, which it captures by probing among foliage or snatching them in mid-air. You’re likely to find these birds on banana plants, their favorite. Their dietary niche gives the Orange-Tufted Spiderhunters their name and underscores their role as vital pollinators and predators in their ecosystem.

Habitat and Distribution

orange-tufted spiderhunter
Distribution of the Orange-tufted Spiderhunter: Courtesy of Birds of the World, Cornell Lab of Ornithology

Orange-Tufted Spiderhunters are typically found in the dense undergrowth of tropical rainforests, where they forage among the foliage for food. They are endemic to the southern and eastern Philippines. Within their range, they inhabit lowland and foothill forest understory and edge.

Conservation Status

While the Orange-Tufted Spiderhunter is not currently considered globally threatened, it faces habitat loss and degradation due to deforestation and land conversion for agriculture and development. Like many forest-dependent species, it relies on intact habitats for food and shelter, making it vulnerable to habitat fragmentation and destruction. Conservation efforts aimed at preserving and restoring forested landscapes are essential for safeguarding the Orange-Tufted Spiderhunter and other species that rely on healthy ecosystems.

The World Record-Breaking Spiderhunter

In the news of world birding, well-known birder Peter Kaestner made headlines on February 9, 2024 when he became the first person to observe and document 10,000 bird species when he recorded an Orange-tufted Spiderhunter on the Philippine island of Mindanao—a monumental accomplishment in the field of ornithology. Kaestner’s achievement highlights the diversity and richness of bird life on our planet and underscores the importance of birdwatching as a valuable tool for conservation and scientific research.

orange-tufted spiderhunter
Peter Kaestner celebrating his world record-setting achievement: Photo courtesy of Peter Kaestner

Kaestner’s record-breaking feat took decades of dedicated birdwatching and travel to remote corners of the globe, not to mention the aid and support of countless other birders from all over the world. His passion for birds and commitment to conservation have inspired countless birdwatchers and researchers around the world, shining a spotlight on the importance of protecting the world’s avian biodiversity.

Your Bird Count


The Orange-Tufted Spiderhunter is a remarkable bird species that exemplifies the beauty and diversity of avian life in Southeast Asia. With its striking plumage, unique feeding behavior, and vital ecological role, it serves as a symbol of the rich biodiversity found within tropical rainforests. Peter Kaestner’s record-breaking accomplishment in birdwatching reminds us of the incredible diversity of bird species worldwide and the importance of conservation efforts to protect and preserve their habitats for future generations.